Digital technologies are driving rapid growth of the digital economy, with 5G, ultra-broadband, AI, cloud and big data constantly evolving and helping businesses go digital and intelligent. They also bring new applications and experiences to our homes for improved digital productivity.
The ultra-broadband networks needed for widespread digital service adoption and digital productivity originally focused on delivering connectivity. Then, we shifted gears to pursue better experience. With the advent of the 5.5G era, ultra-broadband will need to further unleash productivity with easier and more efficient service access. Ultra-broadband networks need to help everyone benefit from digital services. For this, the industry must overcome three challenges. First, we need to provide the massive computing power required by digital services. Second, we need to provide guaranteed connectivity services for massive numbers of concurrent users. Third, we need to ensure ubiquitous access and high-quality experience for anyone.
Productivity-centric ultra-broadband will require multiple upgrades to our existing network infrastructure:
First, we need to deliver ubiquitous 10-gigabit access by upgrading mobile broadband, home broadband, enterprise campus networks, and enterprise private line services to 10 Gbps. This will enable ubiquitous 10-gigabit mobile broadband, provide whole-house seamless 10-gigabit home networks, upgrade 10-gigabit campus connectivity for organizations, and deliver elastic, high-throughput, 10-gigabit private line services.
Ubiquitous 10-gigabit access also needs converged bearer networks to evolve into high-quality, elastic transport networks. Most IP and optical metro networks need to support 400G and then 800G. Backbone networks will also support 800G, with stronger transport capabilities to support high-concurrency, 10-gigabit services. Through network slicing and other new capabilities, backbone networks will deliver better business experience and boost customer satisfaction. End-to-end optical cross-connect (OXC) networks will also provide experience assurance for latency-sensitive services.
Second, hyper-converged data centers are needed to fully unleash AI computing power. With an advanced hyper-converged architecture, data center networks will be able to address general-purpose computing, storage, high-performance computing, and AI computing requirements. When coupled with 800GE interconnection, this will significantly increase return on investment. With explicit congestion notification algorithms and network scale load balancing algorithms, lossless networks with higher IOPS and AI cluster networks that increase training efficiency by over 20% will also become possible.
Last, telecom large models are needed to make networks more autonomous and self-optimizing. Telecom large models can accelerate our progress towards intent-driven L4 autonomous driving networks (ADNs) that support human-computer interaction and self-optimization. These models already allow engineers to manage twice as many equipment sets, and will make networks more autonomous, digitalized, and intelligent.
In Europe, the Middle East, and Asia Pacific, Huawei is working with leading carriers and industry partners to explore business scenarios and joint innovation in 400G, FTTR, and intelligent cloud networks. Together, we are realizing business visions and cultivating new markets. With 5.5G, ultra-broadband networks will provide ubiquitous 10-gigabit access, elastic ultra-broadband transport, and massive computing power supported by hyper-converged data centers. Rolling out this new generation of digital infrastructure will also advance the digital economy. We look forward to continuing to work with carriers and industry partners to drive forward F5.5G and Net5.5G, as well as the entire ultra-broadband industry.